Friday, August 18, 2017

[rti4empowerment] Demon etisation

 
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Posted by: urvi sukul singh <usukulsingh@hotmail.com>
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Thursday, August 17, 2017

[rti4empowerment] Ministry of Human Resource Development: Dont let this school of champions be shut down! Release Funds.

 

Hey,

I just signed the petition "Ministry of Human Resource Development: Dont let this school of champions be shut down! Release Funds." and wanted to see if you could help by adding your name.

Our goal is to reach 150,000 signatures and we need more support. You can read more and sign the petition here:

https://www.change.org/p/ministry-of-human-resource-development-dont-let-this-school-of-champions-be-shut-down-release-funds?recruiter=25861429&utm_source=share_petition&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=share_email_responsive&utm_term=121264

Thanks!
Urvi

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Posted by: urvi sukul singh <usukulsingh@hotmail.com>
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Thursday, August 3, 2017

[rti4empowerment] Forthcoming Supreme Court decision on right to privacy one of the most important legal decisions in the world this year

 

http://blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/toi-edit-page/forthcoming-supreme-court-decision-on-right-to-privacy-one-of-the-most-important-legal-decisions-in-the-world-this-year/

Forthcoming Supreme Court decision on right to privacy one of the most important legal decisions in the world this year

July 25, 2017, 2:02 AM IST Eben Moglen in TOI Edit Page |
Edit Page, India | TOI

By Eben Moglen and Mishi Choudhary

Last week's arguments before a nine-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court, which is at long last deciding whether Indian citizens have a fundamental right to privacy, have established two realities clearly. First, the judges see the profound importance of any decision to create such a fundamental right. Second, they would like to know just what the outlines of this right should be.
Privacy is, as Brandeis and Warren said in 1894, "the right most valued by civilised men", "the right to be left alone". But in our age, the age of the internet, the right to be left alone includes also the right not to be put out there, or exposed involuntarily. Forced disclosure of the information that comprises our identities, in the age of biometric identification, social profiles, and cashless economic transactions, damages an essential component of all personal liberties. Whether the individual's information is used on its own, or is analysed, profiled, or linked in the "social graph" to that of other related persons, forced disclosure of personal information in today's society creates power in the state which receives that information.

Not all of the constitutional right of privacy cases in the age of the internet will involve forced disclosures. The cases that will matter most, should the court decide in favour of the fundamental right, will be where the government imposes a form of disclosure that, like limitations on physical movement, inhibits the "ability to be oneself".

In these cases, the court would find that the fundamental right to privacy is infringed when forced disclosures of personal information to government interfere with the exercise of any of the freedoms the Article 19 protects, when you cannot actually have your freedom of movement, or of expression, for example, because you are compelled to give information that empowers government to restrict or deny your rights.

So, for example, if the government were to do here what the Chinese government has done since the death of Liu Xiaobo, not only blocking messages of mourning or containing pictures of Liu on WeChat (the Chinese equivalent of WhatsApp), but also keeping track for subsequent surveillance of everyone sending or receiving such messages, this surveillance based on private expressions of emotion or opinion would violate the freedom of expression in Article 19.

The same applies to the liberties guaranteed by Article 21. Where, for example, an Aadhaar number is required before a patient can request ambulance service, as has been ordered recently in UP, the right to medical care protecting life declared by the Supreme Court in Parmanand Katara vs the Union of India is violated by the compelled disclosure of identity.

We think that, if the Supreme Court decides the present issues fully, it will find that the common factors in all successful constitutional privacy claims are (1) the forced disclosure of personal information; (2) under circumstances adversely affecting an individual's ability to exercise freedoms protected by Article 19 or liberties guaranteed by Article 21. Also, under the terms of Article 14, that all persons must be equally treated with respect to requirements of personal information disclosure, without discrimination.

The importance of a fundamental right in our system is that it can only be enforced against the state. "Platform" social media companies receive voluntary disclosures of personal information in immense quantities every minute, but they are not subject to constitutional controls. Moreover, though these corporates are indeed ubiquitous in our lives, they are not obligatory. In dealing with them, we still have choices. Only the power of the state can, in fact, compel us to expose ourselves more fully than we choose to do. The state can as well, of course, legislate to protect our privacy against private parties, and should do so.

The forthcoming decision of the Supreme Court will be one of the most important legal decisions in the world this year. Societies far beyond India will be watching to see what it decides. India will, as a result of the Supreme Court's judgment, take the lead among democracies in recognising and enforcing its citizens' fundamental right to privacy, or fall in line behind despotic societies in destroying it.

Eben Moglen is Professor of Law and Legal History at Columbia Law School. Mishi Choudhary is Legal Director and President of SFLC.in

DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the author's own.

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[rti4empowerment] How the CIA Came to Doubt the Official Story of JFK’s Murder

 

August 03, 2017
How the CIA Came to Doubt the Official Story of JFK's Murder
Newly released documents from long-secret Kennedy assassination files raise startling questions about what top agency officials knew and when they knew it.
By PHILIP SHENON and LARRY J. SABATO

After the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in November 1963, the CIA appeared eager, even desperate, to embrace the version of events being offered by the FBI, the Secret Service and other parts of the government. The official story: that a delusional misfit and self-proclaimed Marxist named Lee Harvey Oswald killed the president in Dallas with his $21 mail-order rifle and there was no evidence of a conspiracy, foreign or domestic. Certainly, the CIA's leaders told the Warren Commission, the independent panel that investigated the murder, there was no evidence of a conspiracy that the spy agency could have foiled.

But thousands of pages of long-secret, assassination-related documentsreleased by the National Archives last week show that, within a few years of Kennedy's murder, some in the CIA began to worry internally that the official story was wrong­an alarm the agency never sounded publicly.

Specifically, key CIA officials were concerned by the mid-1970s that the agency, the FBI, the Secret Service and the White House commission led by Chief Justice Earl Warren had never followed up on important clues about Oswald's contact with foreign agents, including diplomats and spies for the Communist governments of Cuba and the Soviet Union, who might have been aware of his plans to kill Kennedy and even encouraged the plot. (There is no credible evidence cited in the documents released so far that Cuban leader Fidel Castro or other foreign leaders had any personal role in ordering Kennedy's murder.)

The CIA documents also offer tantalizing speculation about the chain of events in late 1963 that explained Oswald's motives for killing Kennedy, which have previously never been established with certainty­how he may have become enraged after reading a detailed article in his hometown newspaper in New Orleans in September suggesting that his hero Castro had been targeted for assassination by the Kennedy administration. According to that theory, Oswald, who had rifle training in the Marine Corps, then set out to seek vengeance on Castro's behalf­to kill Kennedy before the American president managed to kill the Cuban leader.

If that proved true, it would have raised a terrible question for the CIA: Was it possible that JFK's assassination was, directly or indirectly, blowback for the spy agency's plots to kill Castro? It would eventually be acknowledged the CIA had, in fact, repeatedly tried to assassinate Castro, sometimes in collusion with the Mafia, throughout Kennedy's presidency. The CIA's arsenal of weapons against Castro included a fungus-infected scuba suit, a poison-filled hypodermic needle hidden in a pen­and even an exploding cigar. The Warren Commission, never told about the CIA's Castro plots, mostly ducked the question of Oswald's motives, other than saying in its final report that he had expressed a "hatred for American society."

JFK historians and the nation's large army of private assassination researchers are still scrambling to make sense of the latest batch of tens of thousands of pages of previously secret CIA and FBI documents that were unsealed last week by the National Archives. The documents­441 files that had previously been withheld entirely, along with 3,369 other documents that had been previously released only in part­were made public under terms of a 1992 law that requires the unsealing of all JFK assassination-related documents by October, the law's 25-year deadline.

Since the release last week, researchers do not appear to have identified any single document that could be labeled a bombshell or that rewrites the history of the assassination in any significant way. Many of the documents, which were made public only online, are duplicates of files that had been released years earlier. Other documents are totally illegible or refer to CIA and FBI code names and pseudonyms that even experienced researchers will take months to decipher. Several documents are written in foreign languages.

Still, the newly released documents may offer an intriguing glimpse of what comes next. The National Archives is required to unseal a final batch of about 3,100 never-before-seen JFK-assassination files by the October deadline, assuming the move is not blocked by President Donald Trump. Under the 1992 Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act, the president is the only person empowered to stop the release. (Congressional and other government officials have told us in confidence that at least two federal agencies­likely the CIA and FBI­are expected to appeal to Trump to block the unsealing of at least some of the documents. Even after 54 years, some government officials apparently still want to keep secrets about this seminal event in U.S. history. The CIA and FBI acknowledged earlier this year they are conducting a final review of the documents, but have been unwilling to say if they will ask the president to block some from being released.)

None of the files released last week undermines the Warren Commission's finding that Oswald killed Kennedy with shots fired from his perch on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository in Dallas' Dealey Plaza­a conclusion supported by 21st century forensic analysis­and that there was no credible evidence of a second gunman.

But the new documents do revive the question of why the CIA, so skeptical internally of many of the commission's other findings by the 1970s, never acknowledged those suspicions to later government investigators­or to the public. Documents released decades ago show that CIA and FBI officials repeatedly misled­and often lied outright­to Chief Justice Warren and his commission, probably to hide evidence of the agencies' bungling in their surveillance of Oswald before the president's murder. The CIA appears also to have been determined to block the commission from stumbling on to evidence that might reveal the agency's assassination plots against Castro and other foreign leaders.
The CIA historian's report from 2013 that refers to the &qu New Window

The CIA historian's report from 2013 that refers to the "benign coverup." (Click to view full document.)
The 1964 letter. New Window

The 1964 letter.

In 2013, the CIA's in-house historian concluded that the spy agency had conducted a "benign cover-up" during the Warren Commission's investigation in 1963 and 1964 in hopes of keeping the commission focused on "what the Agency believed was the 'best truth' ­ that Lee Harvey Oswald, for as yet undetermined motives, had acted alone in killing John Kennedy."
f-1.png New Window

Labeled "SECRET" and stamped "REPRODUCTION PROHIBITED" on each page, this 1975 memo lists several important clues about Oswald that went unexplored in the months and years after Kennedy's death. (Click to open full document)

But what if the "best truth" was wrong? According to documents made public last week, the CIA was alarmed by the mid-1970s to realize that no one had properly followed up on clues about an especially mysterious chapter in Oswald's life­a six-day, apparently self-financed trip to Mexico City beginning in late September 1963, two months before the assassination. The reason for the trip has never been determined with certainty, although he told his wife, Marina, that he went there to obtain a visa that would allow him to defect to Cuba, much as he had once attempted to defect to the Soviet Union.

The CIA acknowledged long ago that the agency's Mexico City station had Oswald under surveillance during the trip, and that he met there with Cuban and Soviet diplomats and spies. The CIA station chief said later he was convinced that Oswald had a brief sexual relationship with a Mexican woman who worked in the Cuban consulate. Although there is no credible evidence of Soviet involvement in the assassination, Oswald's other contacts in Mexico included­shockingly enough­a KGB assassinations expert who doubled as an accredited Soviet diplomat. A top-secret June 1964 FBI report, made public in the 1990s but apparently never seen by key investigators for the Warren Commission, suggests that Oswald was overheard threatening to kill Kennedy during his visits to the Cuban diplomatic compound in Mexico.

The files released last week also show that the CIA and other agencies failed to pursue clues that Oswald, who publicly championed Castro's revolution even while serving in the Marine Corps, had been in contact with Cuban diplomats years before the Mexico trip­possibly as early as 1959, when he was deployed to a military base in Southern California. The information initially came to the FBI and the Warren Commission from a fellow Marine who recalled how Oswald boasted about his contacts with Cuban diplomats in Los Angeles, where Castro's government then had an office.

The account from the fellow Marine was of "a lot more possible operational significance" than was realized in the months after the assassination but was never "run down or developed by investigation," according to a 1975 CIA internal memo released last week. "The record of the beginning of OSWALD's relationship with the Cubans starts with a question mark."

That 27-page memo, which does not identify its author, is among the most intriguing of the documents in last week's batch unsealed by the National Archives. Copies of the document were found inside larger CIA files released last week, including thick agency files labeled HELMS HEARING DUPLICATE. That seems to suggest the memo was given to former Director of Central Intelligence Richard Helms, who led the agency from 1966 to 1973, when he was later summoned to testify secretly to Congress about his involvement in the CIA assassination plots against Castro and other foreign leaders. Similar documents about the Kennedy assassination and Oswald were written in the 1970s by a senior CIA counterintelligence official, Raymond Rocca, who had served as the agency's chief liaison to the Warren Commission.

Labeled "SECRET" and stamped "REPRODUCTION PROHIBITED" on each page, the 1975 memo lists several important clues about Oswald that went unexplored in the months and years after Kennedy's death. (Versions of the same CIA memo were part of the flood of millions of pages of documents released after the 1992 law, although it has never attracted detailed attention outside a small circle of assassination researchers. Brian Latell, a respected former CIA analyst on Cuban intelligence, cited a version of the document in his 2012 book Castro's Secrets, which suggested much closer links between Oswald and Cuba than had previously been known.)

The 1975 document noted the failure of the CIA, FBI and the Warren Commission to interview a key witness in Mexico City­Silvia Duran, the Mexican woman who worked in the Cuban consulate and was reported to have had the affair with Oswald. She is the "sole live witness on the record regarding Oswald's activities," yet her testimony "was taken and presented, solely, by the Mexican governmental authorities," the CIA memo said. Duran, who is still alive, has repeatedly insisted she had no sexual relationship with Oswald, although she readily acknowledges that she helped him with his unsuccessful visa application for Cuba.

It was that same CIA memo that offered a detailed theory of the chain of events that led Oswald to kill Kennedy­how Oswald, who lived in his hometown of New Orleans for much of 1963, may have been inspired to assassinate the president if, as seemed probable, he read an article on Monday, September 9, in the local newspaper, that suggested Castro was targeted for murder by the United States.

The article, written by a reporter for The Associated Press in Havana and then published prominently in the Times-Picayune, was an account of an AP interview with Castro two days earlier, in which the Cuban strongman angrily warned the Kennedy administration that he was aware of U.S. assassination plots aimed at Cuban leaders, presumably including him, and was prepared to retaliate. The article quoted Castro as saying: "U.S. leaders would be in danger if they helped in any attempt to do away with leaders of Cuba."
The September 1963 Times Picayune story. (Click to view full-si New Window

The September 1963 Times Picayune story. (Click to view full-size image.)

The CIA memo suggested that if Oswald, who was known to be an "avid reader" of the Times-Picayune, saw the article, it might have put the idea in his head to kill Kennedy as retaliation for the threat the United States posed to Castro­an idea that would have been in his mind as he left for his trip to Mexico that month. The possibility that Oswald read the article "must be considered of great significance in light of the pathological evolution of Oswald's passive/aggressive makeup" and "his identification with Fidel Castro and the Cuban revolution," the CIA memo said.

Immediately after the assassination, the CIA's Mexico City station warned CIA headquarters that the AP article might contain a vital clue about Oswald's motives for killing Kennedy­and even about possible Cuban involvement. But according to the 1975 analysis, "There is no evidence in the files on the Kennedy assassination that the Castro interview was considered in following up leads or in dealing with the Warren Commission, although Mexico Station specifically directed headquarters to the AP story very shortly after the Dallas killing."

Previously released internal documents from the Warren Commission show that one of the commission's most aggressive staff lawyers believed that Castro's remarks to the AP­and the possibility that Oswald read the article­might be of great significance in explaining Oswald's motives. But the internal files show that more senior staff members decided against any reference to the AP article in the commission's final report for fear of feeding conspiracy theories about a possible Cuban link to Kennedy's death. It does not reflect well on the legacy of either the CIA or the commission that, half a century after those gunshots rang out in Dealey Plaza, the newly released documents suggest that at least some of those conspiracy theories might be true.

http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/08/03/jfk-assassination-lone-gunman-cia-new-files-215449
 
With best wishes,
from                    
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Sunday, July 23, 2017

[rti4empowerment] Harvesting Sound Energy From Passing Cars: 7 Steps (with Pictures)

 
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Posted by: urvi sukul singh <usukulsingh@hotmail.com>
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Thursday, July 20, 2017

[rti4empowerment] Right to Privacy enshrined in Hinduism

 

The Supreme Court has convened a nine judge bench to decide whether Indians have a fundamental Right to Privacy.

This is because of the invasive and surveillance nature of Aadhar.
And the government is hell bent on proving its stance based on some so called noble reason of ensuring  justice and preventing tax evasion.

To begin with, At the very outset, its disturbing that something as natural as need for privacy has to be
debated over.

Perhaps it is wise to begin this discussion by revisiting our scriptures on this issue.

The story of the birth of Shri Ganesha is well know to every Hindu.

Lord Shiva on returning from his divine sojourns would inadvertantly come upon his
wife in various immodest stages such as when she would be taking a bath.
He would justify his unannounced intrusions as his conjugal right.

The Goddess still did not like her privacy thus disturbed.
So, as one version of the story goes, she created a child out of the clay formed from the dust on her body (or as per another version from the paste of besan that she had washed of her body) and breathed Life into him.

Naming the child Vinayaka, she gave him her power (shakti) and entrusted him with the task of guarding her privacy while she took her bath.

The child felt very important that his mother had trusted him with something and he was fully serious in
ensuring that he performed to her satisfaction.

In due course, Shiva came home, only to find this strange boy telling him he couldn't enter his own house!

Furious, Shiva ordered his army to destroy the boy, but they all failed! Such was the power Ganesha
possessed, being the son of Devi Herself!

Enraged, the usually peaceful Shiva in his divine fury severed Ganesha's head, killing him instantly.

The rest of the story is known as how inorder to mollify the Goddess, an elephants head was substituted and the boy was brought back to Life and accorded the status of first worship before any other god thus ensuring his permanent place in the Hindu pantheon.

What does one take from the story?
Apart from the many metaphorical spiritual truths that one can glean from the above, a part that has really got very little attention is the one about privacy.

After all, isn't that what the whole issue is about.

Observe in the above story that Goddess Parvati values her privacy even against her own husband.
This is not to be taken in a wrong sense or to denote any marital problems between the two.
Rather its one of the healthiest relationship idea/stand that comes from the scriptures.

That individual space is a must even over and above that most intimate of human relationships of Man and Wife.

The idea that an individual has a personal aspect different from that defined by society which needs its own space to flourish and grow has never been established more strongly than by Goddes Parvati herself.

and it is THIS very idea that is at stake in the courts now.
The Aadhar program completely violates this idea by giving the Government complete monitoring control
over your Life.

In a sense it is in direct confrontation with Lord Ganesh's existence.
He, who manifested himself to protect privacy,
His very existence is now challenged by the Aadhar program

Will the Supreme Court take notice? *:-? thinking
 
To be continued.....

Personal opinion :
Opinions may differ from person to person. Each and every opinion has to be respected.

But Here's what is happening :

The authorities/Government are making every possible effort to spy on each and every activity of the respectable citizens of the country.

They want to know your income : Hence, they want to link your bank account with Aadhar.

They want to know about your property : Hence, they want to link you PAN card with Aadhar.

They want to know what and all you purchase for your daily activities : Hence, they are pushing for digital transactions using bank account (Aadhar linked).

They want to know with whom and all you talk daily ;and with whom and all you have personal contacts :
Hence, they want to link you mobile number with Aadhar.

They want to know where you travel daily, which places you visit : Hence, Aadhar made mandatory for Railways/train(IRCTC) booking. They are also thinking of making Aadhar mandatory for flight/bus booking.

They want to know what health you have : Hence, they are also pushing for linking your health conditions with Aadhar.

They want to know about your driving conditions : Hence, they have made Aadhar compulsory for new Driving license.

No financial privacy, No personal privacy, No health privacy, No travel privacy
.............................................................................. the list is adding day by day. No one can understand where we are moving.

They are Intruding into the privacy of individuals in the name of service to society.

How correct is it ? Wide discussions and debates need to be held regarding this.....

With best wishes,
from                    
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Rahul,
Owner - The CYBUGLE & 60seconds
And Stock market group - TRADESMART

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Posted by: Rahul <bruntno1@yahoo.com>
Reply via web post Reply to sender Reply to group Start a New Topic Messages in this topic (1)

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